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HTC Vive vs. Oculus Rift vs. Windows Mixed Reality: What's the difference?

Windows PC owners have three virtual reality platforms to choose from. Here's how they compare, compete, and overlap.

oculus htc vrheadsets blue
HTC, Oculus, Microsoft

The fierce competition between the HTC Vive and Oculus Rift heated up even more on October 17, when Microsoft and its partners launched Windows Mixed Reality headsets as part of the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update. Oculus actually struck back just before Microsoft’s VR army marched out, announcing a $100 price drop for the Rift at its Oculus Connect 4 developer conference.

Windows Mixed Reality represents yet another virtual reality platform running on headsets connected to a PC. The software has plenty of overlap with those existing solutions, the hardware is of similar heft, and the overarching concept still involves playing around in room-scale, virtual worlds.

But just as the Vive and Oculus Rift had their share of technical and philosophical differences, Windows Mixed Reality diverges from its competitors in several key ways. The hardware requirements are lower, the ecosystem includes some exclusive content that can’t be accessed via Vive or Oculus, and the name of the platform itself hints at broader augmented reality applications, not just immersive getaways.

Here is our attempt at explaining all those similarities and differences between the HTC Vive, Oculus Rift, and Windows Mixed Reality headsets in the least confusing way possible.

Editor's note: This living article was last updated on November 20, 2017 to mention the SteamVR beta for Windows Mixed Reality.

Vive vs. Oculus vs. Windows Mixed Reality: What’s in the box

Although the Oculus Rift and HTC Vive originally had some significant hardware differences, lately they’ve become more similar as prices for both headsets have fallen, and as Oculus has added more sensors and touch controllers to the mix.

oculus rift htc vive Adam Patrick Murray

Oculus Rift vs. HTC Vive.

The Oculus Rift + Touch bundle includes the headset, a pair of hand-tracking controllers, and a pair of desktop IR LED-tracking sensors for $399 after a recent price cut. This creates a tracking area of five feet wide by five feet deep. For an extra $59, Oculus sells a third sensor that expands the tracking area to eight feet by eight feet when placed at the rear of a room. The Rift also includes integrated headphones, which is a nice touch.

For $599, the HTC Vive includes a headset, a pair of hand-tracking controllers, and a pair of wireless base stations. But instead of sitting on a desk like the Rift’s sensors, the base stations should reside in opposite corners of the room, creating a large play area of up to 15 feet by 15 feet. Unfortunately, the Vive doesn’t have integrated headphones, but you can add them for $100 with the Deluxe Audio Strap if you’re feeling extra spendy (or simply don’t want to buy a separate gaming headset).

With Windows Mixed Reality, pricing varies by vendor, just like with Windows PCs. While you can sometimes buy the standalone headsets for a lower initial cost, you’ll really want to pick up a bundle that includes a pair of motion controllers. Here are the Windows Mixed Reality headsets available at launch. (Asus plans to release a high-end model sometime in spring 2018.)

Unlike the Vive and Rift, none of these Windows Mixed Reality headsets include tracking stations. Instead, Microsoft’s system uses a camera on the headset to keep track of where the controllers are. This may help keep costs down and make setup less burdensome, and in theory it allows for more spacious simulations, but it brings a major trade-off. Grabbing objects without looking directly at them becomes difficult, as we discovered in our Dell Visor hands-on.

Also, no Windows Mixed Reality systems have integrated headphones, so you’ll need to buy a headset or bring your own earbuds.

Vive vs. Oculus vs. Windows Mixed Reality: VR tech specs

As for the nitty-gritty details on VR quality, each platform has its strengths and weaknesses.

oculus rift crescent bay 2 Oculus

This older Oculus Rift “Crescent Bay” prototype shows the VR headset’s sensors and internal lenses. 

For resolution, the Vive and the Rift offer 1080x1200 per eye, while most Windows Mixed Reality headsets announced so far are crisper at 1440x1440 per eye. The Samsung Odyssey WMR headset stands out with a slightly higher 1440x1600 resolution per eye. Higher resolutions mean you’re less likely to notice the individual pixels in an image—a key concern when the displays are so close to your face.

Refresh rate is 90Hz on the Vive and Rift, and up to 90Hz on Windows Mixed Reality headsets. However, Microsoft says some headsets will run at just 60Hz if the user’s PC can’t handle higher frame rates. (More on that shortly.) High refresh rates are crucial to prevent users from potentially suffering nausea while using VR.

The field of view on the Oculus Rift and the HTC Vive is about 110 degrees, and it’ll vary from headset to headset with Windows Mixed Reality. HP and Acer both list a 95-degree field of view, while Dell’s Visor and the Samsung Odyssey hit 110 degrees. The Lenovo Explorer sits in the middle at 105 degrees.

Also worth noting: Both the Oculus Rift and HTC Vive use OLED displays, while most of the current crop of Windows Mixed Reality headsets use LCD technology, which can be more susceptible to motion blur. Samsung’s Odyssey uses an AMOLED display.

Vive vs. Oculus vs. Windows Mixed Reality: PC system Requirements

You need a compatible PC to run these VR headsets, of course.

Nvidia AMD graphics cards Brad Chacos

For the Vive, HTC recommends at least an Intel Core i5-4590 or AMD FX 8350 processor, an Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 or AMD Radeon RX 480 graphics card, 4GB of RAM, one USB 2.0 port, and either an HDMI 1.4 port or a DisplayPort 1.2 port. All AMD Ryzen 3, 5, and 7 processors and 8th-gen Intel Core desktop processors should work just fine.

Oculus’ minimum PC specs are a bit less stringent on the processor side, thanks to the company’s Asynchronous Spacewarp technology. The Rift requires at least an Intel i3-6100, AMD Ryzen 3 1200, or FX-4350 for the CPU, and at least an Nvidia GTX 1050 Ti or AMD Radeon RX 470 for the GPU. In other areas, it’s a bit more demanding, requiring 8GB of RAM, a USB 3.0 port, and two USB 2.0 ports. Video output must be HDMI 1.3 or higher.

Note that those are the minimum requirements. The more CPU and GPU firepower you can throw at PC-based VR, the better your experience will be. Investing in a more powerful graphics card is particularly enticing because games only get more graphically demanding as time goes on. PCWorld’s guide to the best graphics cards can help you explore your options if you decide to go beyond the minimum PC VR requirements.

The situation with Windows Mixed Reality is trickier, as Microsoft’s platform is split into two variants. 

acer windows mixed reality development edition headset Acer

Acer’s Mixed Reality Developer Edition headset.

The standard version requires an Intel Core i5-7200U, HDMI 1.4 or DisplayPort 1.2, and integrated Intel HD 620 graphics. But with integrated graphics, framerate is limited to 60Hz, which is more likely to trigger motion sickness. Such a modest setup will likely be unable to run demanding VR games—you might wind up limited to VR-based productivity and entertainment apps.

Meanwhile, the “Ultra” version of Windows Mixed Reality offers the same 90Hz framerate as HTC Vive and Oculus Rift, and has similar requirements: Intel Core i5-4590 or AMD Ryzen 5 1400, Nvidia GTX 960/1050 or AMD RX 460, and HDMI 2.0 or DisplayPort 1.2. Both versions require 8GB of RAM and a USB 3.0 port (either Type-A or Type-C). Despite those modest graphics card requirements, you’ll probably want at least at GTX 1060 or Radeon RX 580 for the best results, as with the Vive. 

As for software requirements, Windows Mixed Reality is tied exclusively to Windows 10, and you’ll need to have the Fall Creators Update installed. HTC Vive still works on Windows 7 or higher, while Oculus Rift runs on Windows 8.1 or higher.

Vive vs. Oculus vs. Windows Mixed Reality: Software

All of these VR speeds, feeds, and specs are academic without software, of course. And at least officially, the software situation is straightforward: The HTC Vive works with Valve’s SteamVR platform, Oculus Rift uses the Oculus Home storefront, and Windows Mixed Reality will get content from Windows 10’s Windows Store.

Unofficially, it’s complicated.

oculushome Oculus

Oculus Home is the official source for Rift games and apps, but not the only one.

Oculus Rift users can access the full SteamVR catalog, but not quite out-of-the-box. To break out of the Oculus walled garden and access SteamVR exclusives like AudioShield and The Lab, you must check the “Unknown Sources” box in Oculus Home’s settings menu.

The HTC Vive, meanwhile, can access Oculus Home—and exclusives like Lone Echo and Lucky’s Tale—but here the workaround is more elaborate. It requires installing a third-party tool called Revive, which Oculus has thankfully stopped trying to kill.

Windows Mixed Reality supports SteamVR, albeit in beta format. But Microsoft has suggested that software exclusives from the Windows Store won’t flow the other way onto Vive and Rift headsets. So if you want to sample the Halo VR experience that 343 Industries is working on, you’ll need a proper Windows Mixed Reality headset.

Actually, it’s easier to explain this situation with an image:

vrhardwaresoftware Jared Newman / PCWorld

That’s not to say you need access to all three stores. Outside of a handful of high-profile exclusives—some of which are for a limited time—SteamVR and Oculus Home already have lots of overlap in their software selection. The same will probably be true with the Windows Store once its VR wares arrive.

Vive vs. Oculus vs. Windows Mixed Reality: What else?

htc vive Adam Patrick Murray/IDG

There is one wild card here, which is the “Mixed Reality” element of Microsoft’s scheme.

The name hints at a platform not just for virtual reality, but for augmented reality, with holographic images mapped onto the real world. Microsoft has said it wants to allow for such applications in the future, but it’s unclear when that will be, given that the first wave of Mixed Reality headsets will be VR-only. They’re not “Mixed Reality” at all. Buying any of these headsets with the expectation of more than VR would be unwise.

For that matter, this blow-by-blow comparison isn’t the same as a proper review of each headset. Read our full reviews of the HTC Vive and Oculus Rift to see what using one of these headsets is like. Spoiler: We prefer the Vive’s fully room-scale experience, though the Oculus Rift’s new $400 price point is awfully compelling. Check back for more coverage of Windows Mixed Reality as we start to get our hands on the headsets.

Below: Watch PCWorld use four HTC Vive headsets on a single Core i9 PC.

This story, "HTC Vive vs. Oculus Rift vs. Windows Mixed Reality: What's the difference?" was originally published by PCWorld.

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